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Manoj K. Dash
Indian ?sheries sector has emerged as an important driver of food production providing nutritional security, besides livelihood support and gainful employment to more than 14.5million people. The current paper discusses aquaculture in the context of ?sh ecosystem with regard to freshwater ?sh cultivation in tanks, ponds and similar water bodies existing in rural India. The issues discussed here are based on the author’s hands-on experience and insights while working on a livelihoods project in Lakhanpur Block of Jharsuguda District in Odisha supported by Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programme of Odisha Power Generation Corporation (OPGC) Ltd. The paper augues that in the context of ?shing in rural/village areas, a vast scope is available for safeguarding ?shers’ fundamental interests like steady basic income, food security and nutrition through promotion of ?shing projectsfocusing on sustainable market-linked business models by bringing people together under a strong collective like a Producer Company. The Producer Company (PC) business model hasbeen promoted to encourage the concept of collectivity in conducting business so that marginal and small primary producers can come together to form a larger group to command competitive advantage in the market and sell their products at a price that is pro?table which is not possible for individual small village based ?shers to achieve. This is where they regularly lose the incremental part of income every day and end up earning less throughout their productive life cycle. Multi-National Corporations (MNCs) operating along this value chain would be willing to form long-term partnerships with PCs in order to leverage the huge untapped business generation potential available at the BOP (village and local levels). In other words, economies of scale can be unlocked and livelihoods of ?shermen can be improved signi?cantly every month. Producer Companies offer greater credibility in the market than unregistered producers’ organizations. Hence, it would be a win-win proposition for MNCs to pitch in with required support mechanisms and generate sustainable spaces for conducting ethical businesses.


Keyword: PLF
S. Shasani, H. K. De, M. K. Das and G. S. Saha
Highlights: Farmer Producer Organisation
Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO) is a registered body with farmers and producers as shareholders in the organisation. It deals with business activities related to the farm produce and it works for the bene?t of the member producers. It focuses on enhancement of farmer’s capacity through advanced agricultural practices to increase productivity. FPO facilitates access to fair and remunerative markets including linking of producer groups to marketing opportunities through market aggregators. It undertakes many activities starting from procurement of inputs to disposal of produce and acts as a bridge between production and marketing. Government of India is promoting FPOs by mobilizing the farmers and helping them in registering as companies through Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC)and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). Presently, around7,374   FPOs are in existence in the country. In order to boost farmers’ income in ?shery sector, ICAR-CIFA, Bhubaneswar facilitated formation of Bhargabi ?sh farmers Producers Company limited in Balipatna block as a part of Farmer FIRST project. This company was incorporated on 27th March 2019 with an authorized capital of Rs. 10 Lakh. Technical backup and training were provided to the members about scienti?c ?sh culture practices. The article discusses prospects and potentials of FPOs in aquaculture and suggests measures for its replication.


Keyword: FPO
Ram Prakash Raman
Highlights: Fish Health

The use of organic manure in aquaculture had been practiced since centuries in India, China and other Far East countries. Sustainability of aquaculture farming depends upon eco-friendly, economically and socially viable culture systems. The recycling of organic wastes for fish culture serves the dual purpose of cleaning the environment by avoiding the problem of waste disposal and providing economic benefits. The recycling of animal dung/wastes in fish ponds for natural fish production is important to sustainable aquaculture and to reduce expenditure on costly feeds and fertilizers which form more than 60% of the total input cost.  Integrating aquaculture with animal husbandry results in the most rational utilization of organic manures. However, the indiscriminate use of these manures in fish ponds, instead of improving the pond productivity, may also lead to pollution causing negative impact on the dissolved oxygen regime of the fish ponds and may cause problems to fish health.  Therefore, it is necessary to understand the standard doses of these wastes which would keep the physico-chemical parameters of pond water in a favorable range required for the survival and growth of fish. When organic manure is applied in aquaculture ponds, best results are obtained with its frequent applications. Judicious organic manuring of fish ponds can eliminate the need for supplementary feeding. Although a lot of work has been done on the utilization in fish culture ponds, of animal manures, particularly farmyard manure, poultry droppings, cow dung and biogas slurry which are suitable substitutes for costly feeds and fertilizers. In the present review, an attempt has been made to elucidate the present status of organic manuring in fish culture systems and its impact on pond ecology and fish health. 


Keyword: Fish health, Aquaculture, Organic